Whiplash, also known as cervical strain, is a soft tissue injury of the neck. It occurs when the neck has been vigorously jammed, rotated, flexed, or extended. Pain can occur anywhere from the base of the skull to the shoulder area. In sports, whiplash can occur when an athlete falls on their neck or head. Outside of sports, the most common cause of whiplash is a motor vehicle accident. Headaches are a common side effect that follows a whiplash injury.
Treatment Options: Treatment is customized based on the severity of the injury and symptoms, and can include soft tissue massage, Active Release Technique, electrical stimulation, IMS needling, and activity modification. Exercises to help strengthen cervical musculature and reestablish pain-free range of motion are important. In Alberta, anyone involved in a motor vehicle accident can be assessed for whiplash and may be entitled to up to 21 free treatments of chiropractic care, physiotherapy, or massage, based on the severity of their symptoms.